316.191 Racing on highways.— (1) As used in this section, the term: (a) “Conviction” means a determination of guilt that is the result of a plea or trial, regardless of whether adjudication is withheld. (b) “Drag race” means the operation of two or more motor vehicles from a point side by side at accelerating speeds in a competitive attempt to outdistance each other, or the operation of one or more motor vehicles over a common selected course, from the same point to the same point, for the purpose of comparing the relative speeds or power of acceleration of such motor vehicle or motor vehicles within a certain distance or time limit. (c) “Race” means the use of one or more motor vehicles in competition, arising from a challenge to demonstrate superiority of a motor vehicle or driver and the acceptance or competitive response to that chal- lenge, either through a prior arrangement or in immedi- ate respon,se, in which the competitor attempts to outgain or outdistance another motor vehicle, to prevent another motor vehicle from passing, to arrive at a given destination ahead of another motor vehicle or motor vehicles, or to test the physical stamina or endurance of drivers over long-distance driving routes. A race may be prearranged or may occur through a competitive response to conduct on the part of one or more drivers which, under the totality of the circumstances, can reasonably be interpreted as a challenge to race. (d) “Spectator” means any person who is knowingly present at and views a drag race, when such presence is the result of an affirmative choice to attend or participate in the race. For purposes of determining whether or not an individual is a spectator, finders of fact shall consider the relationship between the racer and the individual, evidence of gambling or betting on the outcome of the race, and any other factor that would tend to show knowing attendance or participation. (2) A person may not: (a) Drive any motor vehicle, including any motor- cycle, in any race, speed competition or contest, drag race or acceleration contest, test of physical endurance, or exhibition of speed or acceleration or for the purpose of making a speed record on any highway, roadway, or parking lot; (b) In any manner participate in, coordinate, facil- itate, or collect moneys at any location for any such race, competition, contest, test, or exhibition; (c) Knowingly ride as a passenger in any such race, competition, contest, test, or exhibition; or (d) Purposefully cause the movement of traffic to slow or stop for any such race, competition, contest, test, or exhibition. (3)(a) Any person who violates subsection (2) com- mits a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083. Any person who violates subsection (2) shall pay a fine of not less than $500 and not more than $1,000, and the department shall revoke the driver license of a person so convicted for 1 year. A hearing may be requested pursuant to s. 322.271. (b) Any person who commits a second violation of subsection (2) within 5 years after the date of a prior violation that resulted in a conviction for a violation of subsection (2) commits a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083, and shall pay a fine of not less than $1,000 and not more than $3,000. The department shall also revoke the driver license of that person for 2 years. A hearing may be requested pursuant to s. 322.271. 316.1923 Aggressive careless driving.—“Ag- gressive careless driving” means committing two or more of the following acts simultaneously or in succes- sion: (1) Exceeding the posted speed as defined in s. 322.27(3)(d)5.b. (2) Unsafely or improperly changing lanes as de- fined in s. 316.085. (3) Following another vehicle too closely as defined in s. 316.0895(1). (4) Failing to yield the right-of-way as defined in s. 316.079, s. 316.0815, or s. 316.123. (5) Improperly passing as defined in s. 316.083, s. 316.084, or s. 316.085. (6) Violating traffic control and signal devices as defined in ss. 316.074 and 316.075. History.—s. 5, ch. 2001-147. 316.1925 Careless driving.— (1) Any person operating a vehicle upon the streets or highways within the state shall drive the same in a careful and prudent manner, having regard for the width, grade, curves, corners, traffic, and all other attendant circumstances, so as not to endanger the life, limb, or property of any person. Failure to drive in such manner shall constitute careless driving and a violation of this section. (2) Any person who violates this section shall be cited for a moving violation, punishable as provided in chapter 318. 316.1932 Tests for alcohol, chemical sub- stances, or controlled substances; implied con- sent; refusal.— 316.1933 Blood test for impairment or intoxica- tion in cases of death or serious bodily injury; right to use reasonable force.— 316.1934 Presumption of impairment; testing methods.— 316.1935 Fleeing or attempting to elude a law enforcement officer; aggravated fleeing or eluding. 316.1936 Possession of open containers of alcoholic beverages in vehicles prohibited; penal- ties.— (1) As used in this section, the term: (a) “Open container” means any container of alco- holic beverage which is immediately capable of being consumed from, or the seal of which has been broken. (b) “Road” means a way open to travel by the public, including, but not limited to, a street, highway, or alley. The term includes associated sidewalks, the roadbed, the right-of-way, and all culverts, drains, sluices, ditches, water storage areas, embankments, slopes, retaining walls, bridges, tunnels, and viaducts neces- sary for the maintenance of travel and all ferries used in connection therewith. (2)(a) It is unlawful and punishable as provided in this section for any person to possess an open container of an alcoholic beverage or consume an alcoholic bev- erage while operating a vehicle in the state or while a passenger in or on a vehicle being operated in the state. 316.2035 Injurious substances prohibited; drag- ging vehicle or load; obstructing, digging, etc.— 316.2045 Obstruction of public streets, high- ways, and roads.— (1) It is unlawful for any person or persons willfully to obstruct the free, convenient, and normal use of any public street, highway, or road by impeding, hindering, stifling, retarding, or restraining traffic or passage thereon, by standing or approaching motor vehicles thereon, or by endangering the safe movement of vehicles or pedestrians traveling thereon; and any person or persons who violate the provisions of this subsection, upon conviction, shall be cited for a pedestrian violation, punishable as provided in chapter 318. It is unlawful, without proper authorization or a lawful permit, for any person or persons willfully to obstruct the free, convenient, and normal use of any public street, highway, or road by any of the means specified in subsection (1) in order to solicit. Any person who violates the provisions of this subsection is guilty of a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s 316.2051 Certain vehicles prohibited on hard- surfaced roads. 316.2055 Motor vehicles, throwing advertising materials in.— 316.2061 Stop when traffic obstructed.— 316.2065 Bicycle regulations 316.2068 Electric personal assistive mobility devices; regulations.— 316.2074 All-terrain vehicles.— 316.208 Motorcycles and mopeds.— 316.2122 Operation of a low-speed vehicle or mini truck on certain roadways 316.2123 Operation of an ATV on certain road- ways.— 316.2125 Operation of golf carts within a retire- ment community.— 316.2124 Motorized disability access vehicles 316.21265 Use of all-terrain vehicles, golf carts, low-speed vehicles, or utility vehicles by law enforcement agencies.— 316.2127 Operation of utility vehicles on certain roadways by homeowners’ associations 316.550 Operations not in conformity with law; special permits.— 316.611 Tandem trailer equipment and use.— 316.6105 Violations involving operation of motor vehicle in unsafe condition or without re- quired equipment; procedure for disposition.— 316.6135 Leaving children unattended or unsu- pervised in motor vehicles; penalty; authority of law enforcement officer.— 316.6145 School buses; safety belts or other restraint systems required.— 316.615 School buses; physical requirements of drivers.— 316.622 Farm labor vehicles.— 316.635 Courts having jurisdiction over traffic violations; powers relating to custody and deten- tion of minors.— 316.640 Enforcement.—The enforcement of the traffic laws of this state is vested as follows: (1) STATE.— 316.645 Arrest authority of officer at scene of a traffic crash 316.646 Security required; proof of security and display thereof; dismissal of cases.— 316.650 Traffic citations.— 316.656 Mandatory adjudication; prohibition against accepting plea to lesser included offense. 316.80 Unlawful conveyance of fuel; obtaining fuel fraudulently.— 316.130 Pedestrians; traffic regulations.— (1) A pedestrian shall obey the instructions of any official traffic control device specifically applicable to the pedestrian unless otherwise directed by a police officer. (2) Pedestrians shall be subject to traffic control signals at intersections as provided in s. 316.075, but at all other places pedestrians shall be accorded the privileges and be subject to the restrictions stated in this chapter. (3) Where sidewalks are provided, no pedestrian shall, unless required by other circumstances, walk along and upon the portion of a roadway paved for vehicular traffic. (4) Where sidewalks are not provided, any pedes- trian walking along and upon a highway shall, when practicable, walk only on the shoulder on the left side of the roadway in relation to the pedestrian’s direction of travel, facing traffic which may approach from the opposite direction. (5) No person shall stand in the portion of a roadway paved for vehicular traffic for the purpose of soliciting a ride, employment, or business from the occupant of any vehicle. (6) No person shall stand on or in proximity to a street or highway for the purpose of soliciting the watching or guarding of any vehicle while parked or about to be parked on a street or highway. (7)(a) The driver of a vehicle at an intersection that has a traffic control signal in place shall stop before entering the crosswalk and remain stopped to allow a pedestrian, with a permitted signal, to cross a roadway when the pedestrian is in the crosswalk or steps into the crosswalk and is upon the half of the roadway upon which the vehicle is traveling or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger. Page 2 North Carolina N.C. Gen. Stat. 20-175. Pedestrians soliciting rides, employment, business or funds upon highways or streets (a) No person shall stand in any portion of the State highways, except upon the shoulders thereof, for the purpose of soliciting a ride from the driver of any motor vehicle. (b) No person shall stand or loiter in the main traveled portion, including the shoulders and median, of any State highway or street, excluding sidewalks, or stop any motor vehicle for the purpose of soliciting employment, business or contributions from the driver or occupant of any motor vehicle that impedes the normal movement of traffic on the public highways or streets: Provided that the provisions of this subsection shall not apply to licensees, employees or contractors of the Department of Transportation or of any municipality engaged in construction or maintenance or in making traffic or engineering surveys. (c) Repealed by Session Laws 1973, c. 1330, s. 39. OPINIONS OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL Wisconsin Code 346.29 When standing or loitering in roadway or highway prohibited. 346.29(1) (1) No person shall be on a roadway for the purpose of soliciting a ride from the operator of any vehicle other than a public passenger vehicle. 346.29(2) (2) No person shall stand or loiter on any roadway other than in a safety zone if such act interferes with the lawful movement of traffic. 346.29(3) (3) No person shall be on a bridge or approach thereto for the purpose of utilizing such bridge or approach for fishing or swimming when signs have been erected by the authority in charge of maintenance of the highway indicating that fishing or swimming off of such bridge or approach is prohibited. 346.30 Penalty for violating sections 346.23 to 346.29. 346.30(1) (1) 346.30(1)(a) (a) Any pedestrian violating s. 346.23, 346.24 (2), 346.25, 346.28 or 346.29 may be required to forfeit not less than nor more than for the first offense and not less than nor more than for the 2nd or subsequent conviction within a year. Washington RCW 46.61.255 Pedestrians soliciting rides or business. (1) No person shall stand in or on a public roadway or alongside thereof at any place where a motor vehicle cannot safely stop off the main traveled portion thereof for the purpose of soliciting a ride for himself or for another from the occupant of any vehicle. (2) It shall be unlawful for any person to solicit a ride for himself or another from within the right of way of any limited access facility except in such areas where permission to do so is given and posted by the highway authority of the state, county, city or town having jurisdiction over the highway. Page 3 (3) The provisions of subsections (1) and (2) above shall not be construed to prevent a person upon a public highway from soliciting, or a driver of a vehicle from giving a ride where an emergency actually exists, nor to prevent a person from signaling or requesting transportation from a passenger carrier for the purpose of becoming a passenger thereon for hire. (4) No person shall stand in a roadway for the purpose of soliciting employment or business from the occupant of any vehicle. (5) No person shall stand on or in proximity to a street or highway for the purpose of soliciting the watching or guarding of any vehicle while parked or about to be parked on a street or highway. (6)(a) Except as provided in (b) of this subsection, the state preempts the field of the regulation of hitchhiking in any form, and no county, city, or town shall take any action in conflict with the provisions of this section. (b) A county, city, or town may regulate or prohibit hitchhiking in an area in which it has determined that prostitution is occurring and that regulating or prohibiting hitchhiking will help to reduce prostitution in the area. Hitchhiking is not permitted where signs prohibit it or on limited access freeways (I-5). See RCW 46.61.255 Webmaster - Questions Government and Media Relations Washington State Patrol questions@wsp.wa.gov ____ Definition ofMotorized vehicular travel SHARE CITE OPEN SPLIT VIEW Motorized vehicular travel means movement by any type of motorized equipment over land surfaces. SAMPLE 1 BASED ON 1 DOCUMENTS "Public highways" are open as a matter of right: RCW 46.09.020 Definitions. As used in this chapter the following words and phrases have the designated meanings unless a different meaning is expressly provided or the context otherwise clearly indicates: "Highway," for the purpose of this chapter only, means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained by the state department of transportation or any county or city when any part thereof is generally open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel as a matter of right. RCW 46.10.010 Definitions. As used in this chapter the words and phrases in this section shall have the designated meanings unless a different meaning is expressly provided or the context otherwise clearly indicated.- (6) "Public roadway" shall mean the entire width of the right of way of any road or street designed and ordinarily used for travel or parking of motor vehicles, which is controlled by a public authority other than the Washington state department of transportation, and which is open as a matter of right to the general public for ordinary vehicular traffic. Washington Administrative Code ("WAC") 296-32-210 Definitions. (46) "Public highway." Every way, land, road, street, boulevard, and every way or place in the state open as matter of right to public vehicular travel, both inside and outside the limit of cities and towns. WAC 296-45-035 Definitions. These definitions apply to chapter 296-45 WAC. "Public highway" - Every way, land, road, street, boulevard, and every other way or place in the state open as a matter of right to public vehicular travel, both inside and outside the limits of cities and towns, regardless of ownership. RCW 47.04.010 Definitions. The following words and phrases, wherever used in this title, shall have the meaning as in this section ascribed to them, unless where used the context thereof shall clearly indicate to the contrary or unless otherwise defined in the chapter of which they are a part: (6) "City street." Every highway as herein defined, or part thereof located within the limits of incorporated cities and towns, except alleys; (9) "County road." Every highway as herein defined, or part thereof, outside the limits of incorporated cities and towns and which has not been designated as a state highway, or branch thereof; (11) "Highway." Every way, lane, road, street, boulevard, and every way or place in the state of Washington open as a matter of right to public vehicular travel both inside and outside the limits of incorporated cities and towns; BIKELAW STREET HIGHWAY SIDEWALK ROADWAY SHOULDER DEFINITIONS FEBRUARY 1, 2014 ARIZONABIKELAW 3 COMMENTS Dan Gutierrez’s graphic illustration (CVC are references to the CA vehicle code). It seems as though I’ve had to look this up over and over. Finally, here are all the definitions, for the first time ever, together: §28-101, 52. “Street” or “highway” means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way if a part of the way is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. §28-601, 22. “Roadway” means that portion of a highway that is improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder. If a highway includes two or more separate roadways, roadway refers to any such roadway separately but not to all such roadways collectively. §28-601, 24. “Sidewalk” means that portion of a street that is between the curb lines or the lateral lines of a roadway and the adjacent property lines and that is intended for the use of pedestrians. So a sidewalk is part of the street/highway. The roadway is a very specific, limited place; and doesn’t include the shoulder. There is no specific definition of the term shoulder; though we can say for sure is it’s not part of the roadway. Bicyclists are traffic: §28-601, 28 “Traffic” means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles and other conveyances either singly or together while using a highway for purposes of travel. Page 5 MUTCD Note that the MUTCD is incorporated into ARS. Here are the definitions as above; they seem to be entirely consistent (yay). From MUTCD 2009 revision 2; Section 1A.13 Definitions of Headings, Words, and Phrases in this Manual: Street—see Highway; Highway—a general term for denoting a public way for purposes of vehicular travel, including the entire area within the right-of-way. Road—see Roadway; Roadway—that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel and parking lanes, but exclusive of the sidewalk, berm, or shoulder even though such sidewalk, berm, or shoulder is used by persons riding bicycles or other human-powered vehicles. 22. "Roadway" means that portion of a highway that is improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder. If a highway includes two or more separate roadways, roadway refers to any such roadway separately but not to all such roadways collectively. 23. "Safety zone" means the area or space that is both: (a) Officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians. (b) Protected or either marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone. "Roadway" means that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the shoulder. A highway may include two or more roadways if divided by a physical barrier or barriers or an unpaved area. "Safety zone" means the area officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and that is protected or is so marked or indicated by plainly visible signs. "Shared-use path" means a bikeway that is physically separated from motorized vehicular traffic by an open space or barrier and is located either within the highway right-of-way or within a separate right-of-way. Shared-use paths may also be used by pedestrians, skaters, users of wheel chairs or wheel chair conveyances, joggers, and other nonmotorized users and electric personal delivery devices. "Shoulder" means that part of a highway between the portion regularly traveled by vehicular traffic and the lateral curbline or ditch. Colorado (1) Pedestrians walking or traveling in a wheelchair along and upon highways where sidewalks are not provided shall walk or travel only on a road shoulder as far as practicable from the edge of the roadway. Where neither a sidewalk nor road shoulder is available, any pedestrian walking or traveling in a wheelchair along and upon a highway shall walk as near as practicable to an outside edge of the roadway and, in the case of a two-way roadway, shall walk or travel only on the left side of the roadway facing traffic that may approach from the opposite direction; except that any person lawfully soliciting a ride may stand on either side of such two-way roadway where there is a view of traffic approaching from both directions. (2) No person shall stand in a roadway for the purpose of soliciting a ride from the driver of any private vehicle. For the purposes of this subsection (2), "roadway" means that portion of the road normally used by moving motor vehicle traffic. Page 6 (2), "roadway" means that portion of the road normally used by moving motor vehicle traffic. (3) It is unlawful for any person who is under the influence of alcohol or of any controlled substance, as defined in section 12-22-303 (7), C.R.S., or of any stupefying drug to walk or be upon that portion of any highway normally used by moving motor vehicle traffic. (4) This section applying to pedestrians shall also be applicable to riders of animals. (5) Any city or town may, by ordinance, regulate the use by pedestrians of streets and highways under its jurisdiction to the extent authorized under subsection (6) of this section and sections 42-4-110 and 42-4-111, but no ordinance regulating such use of streets and highways in a manner differing from this section shall be effective until official signs or devices giving notice thereof have been placed as required by section 42-4-111 (2). (6) No person shall solicit a ride on any highway included in the interstate system, as defined in section 43-2-101 (2), C.R.S., except at an entrance to or exit from such highway or at places specifically designated by the department of transportation; or, in an emergency affecting a vehicle or its operation, a driver or passenger of a disabled vehicle may solicit a ride on any highway. (7) Pedestrians shall only be picked up where there is adequate road space for vehicles to pull off and not endanger and impede the flow of traffic. Ch. 316 STATE UNIFORM TRAFFIC CONTROL F.S. 2011 Page 7 From: Katrine Elizabeth sackett32463 whitelady (5’3)(5’21/2) Information: found in internet and legal books to include out of state ones May 2019 • reply Submitted by Unregistered User on Sun, 05/12/2019 - 14:16 Title 36—Parks, Forests, and Public Property weapons traps nets research specimens rocks plants (other stuff) (This book contains parts 1 to 199 National Park Service, Interior § 2.4 State laws are adopted as a part of these regulations. (a) State fishing licenses are not re- quired in Big Bend, Crater Lake, Denali, Glacier, Isle Royale (inland wa- ters only), Mammoth Cave, Mount Rainer, Olympic and Yellowstone Na- tional Parks. (b) Except in emergencies or in areas under the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States, the superintendent shall consult with appropriate State agen- cies before invoking the authority of § 1.5 for the purpose of restricting or closing park areas to the taking of fish. (c) The following are prohibited: (1) Fishing in fresh waters in any manner other than by hook and line, with the rod or line being closely at- tended. (2) Possessing or using as bait for fishing in fresh waters, live or dead minnows or other bait fish, amphib- ians, nonpreserved fish eggs or fish roe, except in designated waters. Waters which may be so designated shall be limited to those where non-native spe- cies are already established, scientific data indicate that the introduction of additional numbers or types of non-na- tive species would not impact popu- lations of native species adversely, and park management plans do not call for elimination of non-native species. (3) Chumming or placing preserved or fresh fish eggs, fish roe, food, fish parts, chemicals, or other foreign sub- stances in fresh waters for the purpose of feeding or attracting fish in order that they may be taken. (4) Commercial fishing, except where specifically authorized by Federal stat- utory law. (5) Fishing by the use of drugs, poi- sons, explosives, or electricity. (6) Digging for bait, except in pri- vately owned lands. (7) Failing to return carefully and immediately to the water from which it was taken a fish that does not meet size or species restrictions or that the person chooses not to keep. Fish so re- leased shall not be included in the catch or possession limit: Provided, That at the time of catching the person did not possess the legal limit of fish. (8) Fishing from motor road bridges, from or within 200 feet of a public raft or float designated for water sports, or within the limits of locations des- ignated as swimming beaches, surfing areas, or public boat docks, except in designated areas. (d) Except as otherwise designated, fishing with a net, spear, or weapon in the salt waters of park areas shall be in accordance with State law. (e) Authorized persons may check fishing licenses and permits; inspect creels, tackle and fishing gear for com- pliance with equipment restrictions; and inspect fish that have been taken for compliance with species, size and other taking restrictions. (f) The regulations contained in this section apply, regardless of land owner- ship, on all lands and waters within a park area that are under the legislative jurisdiction of the United States. [48 FR 30282, June 30, 1983, as amended at 52 FR 35240, Sept. 18, 1987] § 2.4 Weapons, traps and nets. (a)(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section and parts 7 (special regula- tions) and 13 (Alaska regulations), the following are prohibited: (i) Possessing a weapon, trap or net (ii) Carrying a weapon, trap or net (iii) Using a weapon, trap or net (2) Weapons, traps or nets may be carried, possessed or used: (i) At designated times and locations in park areas where: (A) The taking of wildlife is author- ized by law in accordance with § 2.2 of this chapter; (B) The taking of fish is authorized by law in accordance with § 2.3 of this part. (ii) When used for target practice at designated times and at facilities or lo- cations designed and constructed spe- cifically for this purpose and des- ignated pursuant to special regula- tions. (iii) Within a residential dwelling. For purposes of this subparagraph only, the term ‘‘residential dwelling’’ means a fixed housing structure which is either the principal residence of its occupants, or is occupied on a regular and recurring basis by its occupants as an alternate residence or vacation home. (3) Traps, nets and unloaded weapons may be possessed within a temporary § 2.5 lodging or mechanical mode of convey- ance when such implements are ren- dered temporarily inoperable or are packed, cased or stored in a manner that will prevent their ready use. (b) Carrying or possessing a loaded weapon in a motor vehicle, vessel or other mode of transportation is prohib- ited, except that carrying or possessing a loaded weapon in a vessel is allowed when such vessel is not being propelled by machinery and is used as a shooting platform in accordance with Federal and State law. (c) The use of a weapon, trap or net in a manner that endangers persons or property is prohibited. (d) The superintendent may issue a permit to carry or possess a weapon, trap or net under the following cir- cumstances: (1) When necessary to support re- search activities conducted in accord- ance with § 2.5. (2) To carry firearms for persons in charge of pack trains or saddle horses for emergency use. (3) For employees, agents or cooper- ating officials in the performance of their official duties. (4) To provide access to otherwise in- accessible lands or waters contiguous to a park area when other means of ac- cess are otherwise impracticable or im- possible. Violation of the terms and conditions of a permit issued pursuant to this paragraph is prohibited and may result in the suspension or revocation of the permit. (e) Authorized Federal, State and local law enforcement officers may carry firearms in the performance of their official duties. (f) The carrying or possessing of a weapon, trap or net in violation of ap- plicable Federal and State laws is pro- hibited. (g) The regulations contained in this section apply, regardless of land owner- ship, on all lands and waters within a park area that are under the legislative jurisdiction of the United States. (h) Notwithstanding any other provi- sion in this Chapter, a person may pos- sess, carry, and transport concealed, loaded, and operable firearms within a national park area in accordance with the laws of the state in which the national park area, or that portion there- of, is located, except as otherwise pro- hibited by applicable Federal law. [48 FR 30282, June 30, 1983, as amended at 49 FR 18450, Apr. 30, 1984; 52 FR 35240, Sept. 18, 1987; 73 FR 74971, Dec. 10, 2008] - 36 CFR Ch. I (7–1–10 Edition) § 2.5 Research specimens. (a) Taking plants, fish, wildlife, rocks or minerals except in accordance with other regulations of this chapter or pursuant to the terms and conditions of a specimen collection permit, is pro- hibited. (b) A specimen collection permit may be issued only to an official representa- tive of a reputable scientific or edu- cational institution or a State or Fed- eral agency for the purpose of research, baseline inventories, monitoring, im- pact analysis, group study, or museum display when the superintendent deter- mines that the collection is necessary to the stated scientific or resource management goals of the institution or agency and that all applicable Federal and State permits have been acquired, and that the intended use of the speci- mens and their final disposal is in ac- cordance with applicable law and Fed- eral administrative policies. A permit shall not be issued if removal of the specimen would result in damage to other natural or cultural resources, af- fect adversely environmental or scenic values, or if the specimen is readily available outside of the park area. (c) A permit to take an endangered or threatened species listed pursuant to the Endangered Species Act, or simi- larly identified by the States, shall not be issued unless the species cannot be obtained outside of the park area and the primary purpose of the collection is to enhance the protection or manage- ment of the species. (d) In park areas where the enabling legislation authorizes the killing of wildlife, a permit which authorizes the killing of plants, fish or wildlife may be issued only when the superintendent approves a written research proposal and determines that the collection will benefit science or has the potential for improving the management and protec- tion of park resources. (e) In park areas where enabling leg- islation does not expressly prohibit the killing of wildlife, a permit authorizing • reply • Florida laws state uniform traffic control • 316.130 Pedestrians; traffic regulations.— (1) A pedestrian shall obey the instructions of any official traffic control device specifically applicable to the pedestrian unless otherwise directed by a police officer. (2) Pedestrians shall be subject to traffic control signals at intersections as provided in s. 316.075, but at all other places pedestrians shall be accorded the privileges and be subject to the restrictions stated in this chapter. (3) Where sidewalks are provided, no pedestrian shall, unless required by other circumstances, walk along and upon the portion of a roadway paved for vehicular traffic. (4) Where sidewalks are not provided, any pedes- trian walking along and upon a highway shall, when practicable, walk only on the shoulder on the left side of the roadway in relation to the pedestrian’s direction of travel, facing traffic which may approach from the opposite direction. (5) No person shall stand in the portion of a roadway paved for vehicular traffic for the purpose of soliciting a ride, employment, or business from the occupant of any vehicle. (6) No person shall stand on or in proximity to a street or highway for the purpose of soliciting the watching or guarding of any vehicle while parked or about to be parked on a street or highway. (7)(a) The driver of a vehicle at an intersection that has a traffic control signal in place shall stop before entering the crosswalk and remain stopped to allow a pedestrian, with a permitted signal, to cross a roadway when the pedestrian is in the crosswalk or steps into the crosswalk and is upon the half of the roadway upon which the vehicle is traveling or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger. (b) The driver of a vehicle at any crosswalk where signage so indicates shall stop and remain stopped to allow a pedestrian to cross a roadway when the pedestrian is in the crosswalk or steps into the cross- walk and is upon the half of the roadway upon which the vehicle is traveling or when the pedestrian is approach- ing so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger. (c) When traffic control signals are not in place or in operation and there is no signage indicating otherwise, • the driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way, slowing down or stopping if need be to so yield, to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within a crosswalk when the pedestrian is upon the half of the roadway upon which the vehicle is traveling or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger. Any pedestrian crossing a roadway at a point where a pedestrian tunnel or overhead pedestrian crossing has been provided shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway. (8) No pedestrian shall suddenly leave a curb or other place of safety and walk or run into the path of a vehicle which is so close that it is impossible for the driver to yield. (9) Whenever any vehicle is stopped at a marked crosswalk or at any unmarked crosswalk at an inter- section to permit a pedestrian to cross the roadway, the driver of any other vehicle approaching from the rear shall not overtake and pass such stopped vehicle. (10) Every pedestrian crossing a roadway at any point other than within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway. (11) Between adjacent intersections at which traffic control signals are in operation, pedestrians shall not cross at any place except in a marked crosswalk. (12) No pedestrian shall, except in a marked cross- walk, cross a roadway at any other place than by a route at right angles to the curb or by the shortest route to the opposite curb. (13) Pedestrians shall move, whenever practicable, upon the right half of crosswalks. (14) No pedestrian shall cross a roadway intersection diagonally unless authorized by official traffic control devices, and, when authorized to cross diagonally, pedestrians shall cross only in accordance with the official traffic control devices pertaining to such crossing movements. (15) Notwithstanding other provisions of this chapter, every driver of a vehicle shall exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian or any person propelling a human-powered vehicle and give warning when neces- sary and exercise proper precaution upon observing any child or any obviously confused or incapacitated person. (16) No pedestrian shall enter or remain upon any bridge or approach thereto beyond the bridge signal, gate, or barrier after a bridge operation signal indication has been given. No pedestrian shall pass through, around, over, or under any crossing gate or barrier at a railroad grade crossing or bridge while such gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed. (17) No pedestrian may jump or dive from a publicly owned bridge. Nothing in this provision requires the state or any political subdivision of the state to post signs notifying the public of this provision. The failure to post a sign may not be construed by any court to create liability on the part of the state or any of its political subdivisions for injuries sustained as a result of jumping or diving from a bridge in violation of this subsection. (18) No pedestrian shall walk upon a limited access facility or a ramp connecting a limited access facility to ____________________________________________________________________ Ch. 316 STATE UNIFORM TRAFFIC CONTROL F.S. 2011 • any other street or highway; however, this subsection does not apply to maintenance personnel of any governmental subdivision. (19) A violation of this section is a noncriminal traffic infraction, punishable pursuant to chapter 318 as either a pedestrian violation or, if the infraction resulted from the operation of a vehicle, as a moving violation. History.—s. 1, ch. 71-135; ss. 1, 8, ch. 76-31; s. 2, ch. 83-68; ss. 1, 2, ch. 83-74; s. 3, ch. 84-309; s. 306, ch. 95-148; s. 123, ch. 99-248; s. 2, ch. 2008-33. Note.—Former s. 316.057. • 316.1301 Traffic regulations to assist blind per- sons.— ______________________________________________________________________ • Join Trustroots.org, built by Hitchwiki folks. Wanna help? Wyoming From Hitchwiki Earth > Americas > North America > United States of America > Wyoming Jump to: navigation, search Wyoming is a state in the Mid-West of the United States. It generally gets a bad rap for hitchhiking; other people (Zenit) consider this to be one of their favourite states in the whole US. Also it's great for pick up truck hitchhiking. So be prepared for rain and cold! Rides can be few and far between in Wyoming, thus, the state troopers have a good chance in spotting you. And if you happen to get stuck in Buffalo, there's a railing along a bridge there where several lonely hitch-hikers from decades ago have signed their names. Add yours to the list, write something witty, then enjoy the four hour wait for your next ride. Law Hitchhiking is officially legal as of July 1,2013 in Wyoming. A bill was introduced January 9, 2013 by Senator Leland Christensen called Senate File 29 in the 62nd Wyoming Legislature to legalize hitchhiking in the state. The bill was signed into law on February 28th, 2013. (Note that local jurisdictions might differ and that some police officers might not be aware of the change in law.) Federal Districts Note:All land regulated by the National Park service prohibits hitchhiking under the Code of Federal Regulations Title 36 section 4.31: Hitchhiking or soliciting transportation is prohibited except in designated areas and under conditions established by the superintendent. • Yellowstone National Park 36 CFR Hitchhiking or soliciting transportation shall be permitted within Yellowstone National Park except: withing two tenths of a mile of an entrance station. within 200 feet of a school, concession business or park service office building or visitor center. in a residential area where signs exist establishing the area as residential areas only and discouraging public traffic. while holding or having a sign which is larger than two feet by two feet in size. the hitchhiker must stay off the paved surface of the roadway, though a hitchhiker may stand on pavement if clearly in a paved pullout. where vehicles may not safely pull off of the main traffic lane during the hours of darkness unless the hitchhiker is wearing bright clothing. while under the influence of alcohol or intoxicating drugs. when hitchhiking behavior is deemed unsafe or a nuisance by Park Staff. • Grand Teton National Park Hitchhiking shall be permitted EXCEPT: Within two tenths of a mile of an Entrance Station, Within 200 feet of a park service office building or visitor center, while holding a sign that is larger than 2'x2' in size. Experiences Wyoming is not a terrible place to hitchhike. Highway 89 along the western edge of Wyoming and highway 212 running northeast from Yellowstone National Park have some of the most spectacular scenery I have seen anywhere, although the majority of the state is rolling brown hills. My average wait times for rides was between 20 minutes and 1.5 hours which seems to be about the national average if not slightly better.Thewindandrain (talk) 01:12, 2 October 2012 (CEST) I hitchhiked across Wyoming twice and ran into crazy natives with guns, a dentist who kidnapped me for the better part of a week and showed me all around and only one cop who told me that hitchhiking is illegal (after he and his colleagues had passed me at least four times already. I told him I was just hanging out and then continued, nothing happened. State troopers never paid any attention to me, though I made sure not to show them my thumb. Beautiful scenery, everybody who picked me up was super nice. --Zenit While hitching on 25, a buddy and I got stopped twice by state troopers. The first was a pretty nice guy who ran our ID's to check for warrants, and when they came back clean, he told us that since hitching was our only mode of transportation, he'd let us go. About an hour later, another statey stopped us and was a bit more serious. If we hadn't already been given the go-ahead by the previous trooper, we just might have had to stay the night in jail. Geez Wyoming is beautiful. Geeeez. I was on Greyhound and the bus broke down in the middle of noooowhere, middle of the night, we couldn't see anything but stars. The electricity was out so we had no lights, the truckers might have hit us, so they wouldn't let anyone off for cigarettes and there was practically a riot. At dawn we got off into the cooold Wyoming morning and saw how beautiful the canyons to either side of us were. A small group of us walked up the highway and found a raaaaandom stand, in the middle of NOWHERE, sellin fireworks and coffee for twenty five cents. Me and this stoner kid decided not to wait for the back-up bus and hitchhiked through. No problemos, just beautiful Wyoming. I could hardly keep myself together I was so happy to be alive. • Wyoming people are wonderful and helpful! We had no problems getting rides, never waited more than half an hour. One awesome guy was pretty much our personal tour guide and even paid for us to go see Devil's Tower. Lots of cops passed us and only one stopped to bitch at us that hitching was illegal. She had a realy attitude about it but didn't ask to search us, just ran our names. Walking on the interstate is legal so that's awesome. -Dizzy • This article is a stub. This means that the information available to us is obviously insufficient. In these places little information is available or the description is severely outdated. If you have been there, whether hitchhiking, for travel or as part of an organized tour − be sure to extend this article! • Expand States of the USA trash:Wyoming Retrieved from "http://hitchwiki.org/en/index.php?title=Wyoming&oldid=72690"(link is external) (link is external) • Trustroots · BeWelcome · Facebook · Twitter • Content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license • _______________________________________________________________________ It will no longer be illegal to hitchhike in Wyoming. The new law does away with the ban of soliciting rides from strangers. But it still will prohibit people from panhandling or soliciting employment or business from vehicles on a highway.Jun 30, 2013 • Wyoming Code 31-5-606 Soliciting on streets and highways. • (a) No person shall be on a highway for the purpose of soliciting a ride, employment, business or contributions from the occupant of any vehicle. This subsection does not apply to persons attempting to obtain assistance for disabled vehicles. • Sgt. S. Townsend Wyoming Highway Patrol • _______________________________________________________________________ National Park Service, Interior § 5.2 • § 4.31 Hitchhiking. Hitchhiking or soliciting transpor- tation is prohibited except in des- ignated areas and under conditions es- tablished by the superintendent. • PART 5—COMMERCIAL AND PRIVATE OPERATIONS • Code of Federal Regulations Title 36 - Parks, Forests, and Public Property Volume: 3Date: 2002-07-01Original Date: 2002-07-01Title: Section 1004.31 - Hitchhiking.Context: Title 36 - Parks, Forests, and Public Property. CHAPTER X - PRESIDIO TRUST. PART 1004 - VEHICLES AND TRAFFIC SAFETY. § 1004.31 Hitchhiking. Hitchhiking or soliciting transportation is prohibited except in designated areas and under conditions established by the Board. Presidio Trust § 1005.5 • (2) Operating a bicycle during periods of low visibility, or while traveling through a tunnel, or between sunset and sunrise, without exhibiting on the operator or bicycle a white light or re- flector that is visible from a distance of at least 500 feet to the front and with a red light or reflector visible from at least 200 feet to the rear. (3) Operating a bicycle abreast of an- other bicycle except where authorized by the Executive Director. (4) Operating a bicycle while con- suming an alcoholic beverage or car- rying in hand an open container of an alcoholic beverage. § 1004.31 Hitchhiking. Hitchhiking or soliciting transpor- tation is prohibited except in des- ignated areas and under conditions es- tablished by the Board. • PART 1005—COMMERCIAL AND PRIVATE OPERATIONS
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Title 36—Parks, Forests, and Public Property weapons traps nets research specimens rocks plants (other stuff) (This book contains parts 1 to 199 National Park Service, Interior § 2.4 State laws are adopted as a part of these regulations. (a) State fishing licenses are not re- quired in Big Bend, Crater Lake, Denali, Glacier, Isle Royale (inland wa- ters only), Mammoth Cave, Mount Rainer, Olympic and Yellowstone Na- tional Parks. (b) Except in emergencies or in areas under the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States, the superintendent shall consult with appropriate State agen- cies before invoking the authority of § 1.5 for the purpose of restricting or closing park areas to the taking of fish. (c) The following are prohibited: (1) Fishing in fresh waters in any manner other than by hook and line, with the rod or line being closely at- tended. (2) Possessing or using as bait for fishing in fresh waters, live or dead minnows or other bait fish, amphib- ians, nonpreserved fish eggs or fish roe, except in designated waters. Waters which may be so designated shall be limited to those where non-native spe- cies are already established, scientific data indicate that the introduction of additional numbers or types of non-na- tive species would not impact popu- lations of native species adversely, and park management plans do not call for elimination of non-native species. (3) Chumming or placing preserved or fresh fish eggs, fish roe, food, fish parts, chemicals, or other foreign sub- stances in fresh waters for the purpose of feeding or attracting fish in order that they may be taken. (4) Commercial fishing, except where specifically authorized by Federal stat- utory law. (5) Fishing by the use of drugs, poi- sons, explosives, or electricity. (6) Digging for bait, except in pri- vately owned lands. (7) Failing to return carefully and immediately to the water from which it was taken a fish that does not meet size or species restrictions or that the person chooses not to keep. Fish so re- leased shall not be included in the catch or possession limit: Provided, That at the time of catching the person did not possess the legal limit of fish. (8) Fishing from motor road bridges, from or within 200 feet of a public raft or float designated for water sports, or within the limits of locations des- ignated as swimming beaches, surfing areas, or public boat docks, except in designated areas. (d) Except as otherwise designated, fishing with a net, spear, or weapon in the salt waters of park areas shall be in accordance with State law. (e) Authorized persons may check fishing licenses and permits; inspect creels, tackle and fishing gear for com- pliance with equipment restrictions; and inspect fish that have been taken for compliance with species, size and other taking restrictions. (f) The regulations contained in this section apply, regardless of land owner- ship, on all lands and waters within a park area that are under the legislative jurisdiction of the United States. [48 FR 30282, June 30, 1983, as amended at 52 FR 35240, Sept. 18, 1987] § 2.4 Weapons, traps and nets. (a)(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section and parts 7 (special regula- tions) and 13 (Alaska regulations), the following are prohibited: (i) Possessing a weapon, trap or net (ii) Carrying a weapon, trap or net (iii) Using a weapon, trap or net (2) Weapons, traps or nets may be carried, possessed or used: (i) At designated times and locations in park areas where: (A) The taking of wildlife is author- ized by law in accordance with § 2.2 of this chapter; (B) The taking of fish is authorized by law in accordance with § 2.3 of this part. (ii) When used for target practice at designated times and at facilities or lo- cations designed and constructed spe- cifically for this purpose and des- ignated pursuant to special regula- tions. (iii) Within a residential dwelling. For purposes of this subparagraph only, the term ‘‘residential dwelling’’ means a fixed housing structure which is either the principal residence of its occupants, or is occupied on a regular and recurring basis by its occupants as an alternate residence or vacation home. (3) Traps, nets and unloaded weapons may be possessed within a temporary § 2.5 lodging or mechanical mode of convey- ance when such implements are ren- dered temporarily inoperable or are packed, cased or stored in a manner that will prevent their ready use. (b) Carrying or possessing a loaded weapon in a motor vehicle, vessel or other mode of transportation is prohib- ited, except that carrying or possessing a loaded weapon in a vessel is allowed when such vessel is not being propelled by machinery and is used as a shooting platform in accordance with Federal and State law. (c) The use of a weapon, trap or net in a manner that endangers persons or property is prohibited. (d) The superintendent may issue a permit to carry or possess a weapon, trap or net under the following cir- cumstances: (1) When necessary to support re- search activities conducted in accord- ance with § 2.5. (2) To carry firearms for persons in charge of pack trains or saddle horses for emergency use. (3) For employees, agents or cooper- ating officials in the performance of their official duties. (4) To provide access to otherwise in- accessible lands or waters contiguous to a park area when other means of ac- cess are otherwise impracticable or im- possible. Violation of the terms and conditions of a permit issued pursuant to this paragraph is prohibited and may result in the suspension or revocation of the permit. (e) Authorized Federal, State and local law enforcement officers may carry firearms in the performance of their official duties. (f) The carrying or possessing of a weapon, trap or net in violation of ap- plicable Federal and State laws is pro- hibited. (g) The regulations contained in this section apply, regardless of land owner- ship, on all lands and waters within a park area that are under the legislative jurisdiction of the United States. (h) Notwithstanding any other provi- sion in this Chapter, a person may pos- sess, carry, and transport concealed, loaded, and operable firearms within a national park area in accordance with the laws of the state in which the national park area, or that portion there- of, is located, except as otherwise pro- hibited by applicable Federal law. [48 FR 30282, June 30, 1983, as amended at 49 FR 18450, Apr. 30, 1984; 52 FR 35240, Sept. 18, 1987; 73 FR 74971, Dec. 10, 2008] - 36 CFR Ch. I (7–1–10 Edition) § 2.5 Research specimens. (a) Taking plants, fish, wildlife, rocks or minerals except in accordance with other regulations of this chapter or pursuant to the terms and conditions of a specimen collection permit, is pro- hibited. (b) A specimen collection permit may be issued only to an official representa- tive of a reputable scientific or edu- cational institution or a State or Fed- eral agency for the purpose of research, baseline inventories, monitoring, im- pact analysis, group study, or museum display when the superintendent deter- mines that the collection is necessary to the stated scientific or resource management goals of the institution or agency and that all applicable Federal and State permits have been acquired, and that the intended use of the speci- mens and their final disposal is in ac- cordance with applicable law and Fed- eral administrative policies. A permit shall not be issued if removal of the specimen would result in damage to other natural or cultural resources, af- fect adversely environmental or scenic values, or if the specimen is readily available outside of the park area. (c) A permit to take an endangered or threatened species listed pursuant to the Endangered Species Act, or simi- larly identified by the States, shall not be issued unless the species cannot be obtained outside of the park area and the primary purpose of the collection is to enhance the protection or manage- ment of the species. (d) In park areas where the enabling legislation authorizes the killing of wildlife, a permit which authorizes the killing of plants, fish or wildlife may be issued only when the superintendent approves a written research proposal and determines that the collection will benefit science or has the potential for improving the management and protec- tion of park resources. (e) In park areas where enabling leg- islation does not expressly prohibit the killing of wildlife, a permit authorizing
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316.191 Racing on highways.— (1) As used in this section, the term: (a) “Conviction” means a determination of guilt that is the result of a plea or trial, regardless of whether adjudication is withheld. (b) “Drag race” means the operation of two or more motor vehicles from a point side by side at accelerating speeds in a competitive attempt to outdistance each other, or the operation of one or more motor vehicles over a common selected course, from the same point to the same point, for the purpose of comparing the relative speeds or power of acceleration of such motor vehicle or motor vehicles within a certain distance or time limit. (c) “Race” means the use of one or more motor vehicles in competition, arising from a challenge to demonstrate superiority of a motor vehicle or driver and the acceptance or competitive response to that chal- lenge, either through a prior arrangement or in immedi- ate respon,se, in which the competitor attempts to outgain or outdistance another motor vehicle, to prevent another motor vehicle from passing, to arrive at a given destination ahead of another motor vehicle or motor vehicles, or to test the physical stamina or endurance of drivers over long-distance driving routes. A race may be prearranged or may occur through a competitive response to conduct on the part of one or more drivers which, under the totality of the circumstances, can reasonably be interpreted as a challenge to race. (d) “Spectator” means any person who is knowingly present at and views a drag race, when such presence is the result of an affirmative choice to attend or participate in the race. For purposes of determining whether or not an individual is a spectator, finders of fact shall consider the relationship between the racer and the individual, evidence of gambling or betting on the outcome of the race, and any other factor that would tend to show knowing attendance or participation. (2) A person may not: (a) Drive any motor vehicle, including any motor- cycle, in any race, speed competition or contest, drag race or acceleration contest, test of physical endurance, or exhibition of speed or acceleration or for the purpose of making a speed record on any highway, roadway, or parking lot; (b) In any manner participate in, coordinate, facil- itate, or collect moneys at any location for any such race, competition, contest, test, or exhibition; (c) Knowingly ride as a passenger in any such race, competition, contest, test, or exhibition; or (d) Purposefully cause the movement of traffic to slow or stop for any such race, competition, contest, test, or exhibition. (3)(a) Any person who violates subsection (2) com- mits a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083. Any person who violates subsection (2) shall pay a fine of not less than $500 and not more than $1,000, and the department shall revoke the driver license of a person so convicted for 1 year. A hearing may be requested pursuant to s. 322.271. (b) Any person who commits a second violation of subsection (2) within 5 years after the date of a prior violation that resulted in a conviction for a violation of subsection (2) commits a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083, and shall pay a fine of not less than $1,000 and not more than $3,000. The department shall also revoke the driver license of that person for 2 years. A hearing may be requested pursuant to s. 322.271. 316.1923 Aggressive careless driving.—“Ag- gressive careless driving” means committing two or more of the following acts simultaneously or in succes- sion: (1) Exceeding the posted speed as defined in s. 322.27(3)(d)5.b. (2) Unsafely or improperly changing lanes as de- fined in s. 316.085. (3) Following another vehicle too closely as defined in s. 316.0895(1). (4) Failing to yield the right-of-way as defined in s. 316.079, s. 316.0815, or s. 316.123. (5) Improperly passing as defined in s. 316.083, s. 316.084, or s. 316.085. (6) Violating traffic control and signal devices as defined in ss. 316.074 and 316.075. History.—s. 5, ch. 2001-147. 316.1925 Careless driving.— (1) Any person operating a vehicle upon the streets or highways within the state shall drive the same in a careful and prudent manner, having regard for the width, grade, curves, corners, traffic, and all other attendant circumstances, so as not to endanger the life, limb, or property of any person. Failure to drive in such manner shall constitute careless driving and a violation of this section. (2) Any person who violates this section shall be cited for a moving violation, punishable as provided in chapter 318. 316.1932 Tests for alcohol, chemical sub- stances, or controlled substances; implied con- sent; refusal.— 316.1933 Blood test for impairment or intoxica- tion in cases of death or serious bodily injury; right to use reasonable force.— 316.1934 Presumption of impairment; testing methods.— 316.1935 Fleeing or attempting to elude a law enforcement officer; aggravated fleeing or eluding. 316.1936 Possession of open containers of alcoholic beverages in vehicles prohibited; penal- ties.— (1) As used in this section, the term: (a) “Open container” means any container of alco- holic beverage which is immediately capable of being consumed from, or the seal of which has been broken. (b) “Road” means a way open to travel by the public, including, but not limited to, a street, highway, or alley. The term includes associated sidewalks, the roadbed, the right-of-way, and all culverts, drains, sluices, ditches, water storage areas, embankments, slopes, retaining walls, bridges, tunnels, and viaducts neces- sary for the maintenance of travel and all ferries used in connection therewith. (2)(a) It is unlawful and punishable as provided in this section for any person to possess an open container of an alcoholic beverage or consume an alcoholic bev- erage while operating a vehicle in the state or while a passenger in or on a vehicle being operated in the state. 316.2035 Injurious substances prohibited; drag- ging vehicle or load; obstructing, digging, etc.— 316.2045 Obstruction of public streets, high- ways, and roads.— (1) It is unlawful for any person or persons willfully to obstruct the free, convenient, and normal use of any public street, highway, or road by impeding, hindering, stifling, retarding, or restraining traffic or passage thereon, by standing or approaching motor vehicles thereon, or by endangering the safe movement of vehicles or pedestrians traveling thereon; and any person or persons who violate the provisions of this subsection, upon conviction, shall be cited for a pedestrian violation, punishable as provided in chapter 318. It is unlawful, without proper authorization or a lawful permit, for any person or persons willfully to obstruct the free, convenient, and normal use of any public street, highway, or road by any of the means specified in subsection (1) in order to solicit. Any person who violates the provisions of this subsection is guilty of a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s 316.2051 Certain vehicles prohibited on hard- surfaced roads. 316.2055 Motor vehicles, throwing advertising materials in.— 316.2061 Stop when traffic obstructed.— 316.2065 Bicycle regulations 316.2068 Electric personal assistive mobility devices; regulations.— 316.2074 All-terrain vehicles.— 316.208 Motorcycles and mopeds.— 316.2122 Operation of a low-speed vehicle or mini truck on certain roadways 316.2123 Operation of an ATV on certain road- ways.— 316.2125 Operation of golf carts within a retire- ment community.— 316.2124 Motorized disability access vehicles 316.21265 Use of all-terrain vehicles, golf carts, low-speed vehicles, or utility vehicles by law enforcement agencies.— 316.2127 Operation of utility vehicles on certain roadways by homeowners’ associations 316.550 Operations not in conformity with law; special permits.— 316.611 Tandem trailer equipment and use.— 316.6105 Violations involving operation of motor vehicle in unsafe condition or without re- quired equipment; procedure for disposition.— 316.6135 Leaving children unattended or unsu- pervised in motor vehicles; penalty; authority of law enforcement officer.— 316.6145 School buses; safety belts or other restraint systems required.— 316.615 School buses; physical requirements of drivers.— 316.622 Farm labor vehicles.— 316.635 Courts having jurisdiction over traffic violations; powers relating to custody and deten- tion of minors.— 316.640 Enforcement.—The enforcement of the traffic laws of this state is vested as follows: (1) STATE.— 316.645 Arrest authority of officer at scene of a traffic crash 316.646 Security required; proof of security and display thereof; dismissal of cases.— 316.650 Traffic citations.— 316.656 Mandatory adjudication; prohibition against accepting plea to lesser included offense. 316.80 Unlawful conveyance of fuel; obtaining fuel fraudulently.— 316.130 Pedestrians; traffic regulations.— (1) A pedestrian shall obey the instructions of any official traffic control device specifically applicable to the pedestrian unless otherwise directed by a police officer. (2) Pedestrians shall be subject to traffic control signals at intersections as provided in s. 316.075, but at all other places pedestrians shall be accorded the privileges and be subject to the restrictions stated in this chapter. (3) Where sidewalks are provided, no pedestrian shall, unless required by other circumstances, walk along and upon the portion of a roadway paved for vehicular traffic. (4) Where sidewalks are not provided, any pedes- trian walking along and upon a highway shall, when practicable, walk only on the shoulder on the left side of the roadway in relation to the pedestrian’s direction of travel, facing traffic which may approach from the opposite direction. (5) No person shall stand in the portion of a roadway paved for vehicular traffic for the purpose of soliciting a ride, employment, or business from the occupant of any vehicle. (6) No person shall stand on or in proximity to a street or highway for the purpose of soliciting the watching or guarding of any vehicle while parked or about to be parked on a street or highway. (7)(a) The driver of a vehicle at an intersection that has a traffic control signal in place shall stop before entering the crosswalk and remain stopped to allow a pedestrian, with a permitted signal, to cross a roadway when the pedestrian is in the crosswalk or steps into the crosswalk and is upon the half of the roadway upon which the vehicle is traveling or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger. Page 2 North Carolina N.C. Gen. Stat. 20-175. Pedestrians soliciting rides, employment, business or funds upon highways or streets (a) No person shall stand in any portion of the State highways, except upon the shoulders thereof, for the purpose of soliciting a ride from the driver of any motor vehicle. (b) No person shall stand or loiter in the main traveled portion, including the shoulders and median, of any State highway or street, excluding sidewalks, or stop any motor vehicle for the purpose of soliciting employment, business or contributions from the driver or occupant of any motor vehicle that impedes the normal movement of traffic on the public highways or streets: Provided that the provisions of this subsection shall not apply to licensees, employees or contractors of the Department of Transportation or of any municipality engaged in construction or maintenance or in making traffic or engineering surveys. (c) Repealed by Session Laws 1973, c. 1330, s. 39. OPINIONS OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL Wisconsin Code 346.29 When standing or loitering in roadway or highway prohibited. 346.29(1) (1) No person shall be on a roadway for the purpose of soliciting a ride from the operator of any vehicle other than a public passenger vehicle. 346.29(2) (2) No person shall stand or loiter on any roadway other than in a safety zone if such act interferes with the lawful movement of traffic. 346.29(3) (3) No person shall be on a bridge or approach thereto for the purpose of utilizing such bridge or approach for fishing or swimming when signs have been erected by the authority in charge of maintenance of the highway indicating that fishing or swimming off of such bridge or approach is prohibited. 346.30 Penalty for violating sections 346.23 to 346.29. 346.30(1) (1) 346.30(1)(a) (a) Any pedestrian violating s. 346.23, 346.24 (2), 346.25, 346.28 or 346.29 may be required to forfeit not less than nor more than for the first offense and not less than nor more than for the 2nd or subsequent conviction within a year. Washington RCW 46.61.255 Pedestrians soliciting rides or business. (1) No person shall stand in or on a public roadway or alongside thereof at any place where a motor vehicle cannot safely stop off the main traveled portion thereof for the purpose of soliciting a ride for himself or for another from the occupant of any vehicle. (2) It shall be unlawful for any person to solicit a ride for himself or another from within the right of way of any limited access facility except in such areas where permission to do so is given and posted by the highway authority of the state, county, city or town having jurisdiction over the highway. Page 3 (3) The provisions of subsections (1) and (2) above shall not be construed to prevent a person upon a public highway from soliciting, or a driver of a vehicle from giving a ride where an emergency actually exists, nor to prevent a person from signaling or requesting transportation from a passenger carrier for the purpose of becoming a passenger thereon for hire. (4) No person shall stand in a roadway for the purpose of soliciting employment or business from the occupant of any vehicle. (5) No person shall stand on or in proximity to a street or highway for the purpose of soliciting the watching or guarding of any vehicle while parked or about to be parked on a street or highway. (6)(a) Except as provided in (b) of this subsection, the state preempts the field of the regulation of hitchhiking in any form, and no county, city, or town shall take any action in conflict with the provisions of this section. (b) A county, city, or town may regulate or prohibit hitchhiking in an area in which it has determined that prostitution is occurring and that regulating or prohibiting hitchhiking will help to reduce prostitution in the area. Hitchhiking is not permitted where signs prohibit it or on limited access freeways (I-5). See RCW 46.61.255 Webmaster - Questions Government and Media Relations Washington State Patrol questions@wsp.wa.gov ____ Definition ofMotorized vehicular travel SHARE CITE OPEN SPLIT VIEW Motorized vehicular travel means movement by any type of motorized equipment over land surfaces. SAMPLE 1 BASED ON 1 DOCUMENTS "Public highways" are open as a matter of right: RCW 46.09.020 Definitions. As used in this chapter the following words and phrases have the designated meanings unless a different meaning is expressly provided or the context otherwise clearly indicates: "Highway," for the purpose of this chapter only, means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained by the state department of transportation or any county or city when any part thereof is generally open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel as a matter of right. RCW 46.10.010 Definitions. As used in this chapter the words and phrases in this section shall have the designated meanings unless a different meaning is expressly provided or the context otherwise clearly indicated.- (6) "Public roadway" shall mean the entire width of the right of way of any road or street designed and ordinarily used for travel or parking of motor vehicles, which is controlled by a public authority other than the Washington state department of transportation, and which is open as a matter of right to the general public for ordinary vehicular traffic. Washington Administrative Code ("WAC") 296-32-210 Definitions. (46) "Public highway." Every way, land, road, street, boulevard, and every way or place in the state open as matter of right to public vehicular travel, both inside and outside the limit of cities and towns. WAC 296-45-035 Definitions. These definitions apply to chapter 296-45 WAC. "Public highway" - Every way, land, road, street, boulevard, and every other way or place in the state open as a matter of right to public vehicular travel, both inside and outside the limits of cities and towns, regardless of ownership. RCW 47.04.010 Definitions. The following words and phrases, wherever used in this title, shall have the meaning as in this section ascribed to them, unless where used the context thereof shall clearly indicate to the contrary or unless otherwise defined in the chapter of which they are a part: (6) "City street." Every highway as herein defined, or part thereof located within the limits of incorporated cities and towns, except alleys; (9) "County road." Every highway as herein defined, or part thereof, outside the limits of incorporated cities and towns and which has not been designated as a state highway, or branch thereof; (11) "Highway." Every way, lane, road, street, boulevard, and every way or place in the state of Washington open as a matter of right to public vehicular travel both inside and outside the limits of incorporated cities and towns; BIKELAW STREET HIGHWAY SIDEWALK ROADWAY SHOULDER DEFINITIONS FEBRUARY 1, 2014 ARIZONABIKELAW 3 COMMENTS Dan Gutierrez’s graphic illustration (CVC are references to the CA vehicle code). It seems as though I’ve had to look this up over and over. Finally, here are all the definitions, for the first time ever, together: §28-101, 52. “Street” or “highway” means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way if a part of the way is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. §28-601, 22. “Roadway” means that portion of a highway that is improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder. If a highway includes two or more separate roadways, roadway refers to any such roadway separately but not to all such roadways collectively. §28-601, 24. “Sidewalk” means that portion of a street that is between the curb lines or the lateral lines of a roadway and the adjacent property lines and that is intended for the use of pedestrians. So a sidewalk is part of the street/highway. The roadway is a very specific, limited place; and doesn’t include the shoulder. There is no specific definition of the term shoulder; though we can say for sure is it’s not part of the roadway. Bicyclists are traffic: §28-601, 28 “Traffic” means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles and other conveyances either singly or together while using a highway for purposes of travel. Page 5 MUTCD Note that the MUTCD is incorporated into ARS. Here are the definitions as above; they seem to be entirely consistent (yay). From MUTCD 2009 revision 2; Section 1A.13 Definitions of Headings, Words, and Phrases in this Manual: Street—see Highway; Highway—a general term for denoting a public way for purposes of vehicular travel, including the entire area within the right-of-way. Road—see Roadway; Roadway—that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel and parking lanes, but exclusive of the sidewalk, berm, or shoulder even though such sidewalk, berm, or shoulder is used by persons riding bicycles or other human-powered vehicles. 22. "Roadway" means that portion of a highway that is improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder. If a highway includes two or more separate roadways, roadway refers to any such roadway separately but not to all such roadways collectively. 23. "Safety zone" means the area or space that is both: (a) Officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians. (b) Protected or either marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone. "Roadway" means that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the shoulder. A highway may include two or more roadways if divided by a physical barrier or barriers or an unpaved area. "Safety zone" means the area officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and that is protected or is so marked or indicated by plainly visible signs. "Shared-use path" means a bikeway that is physically separated from motorized vehicular traffic by an open space or barrier and is located either within the highway right-of-way or within a separate right-of-way. Shared-use paths may also be used by pedestrians, skaters, users of wheel chairs or wheel chair conveyances, joggers, and other nonmotorized users and electric personal delivery devices. "Shoulder" means that part of a highway between the portion regularly traveled by vehicular traffic and the lateral curbline or ditch. Colorado (1) Pedestrians walking or traveling in a wheelchair along and upon highways where sidewalks are not provided shall walk or travel only on a road shoulder as far as practicable from the edge of the roadway. Where neither a sidewalk nor road shoulder is available, any pedestrian walking or traveling in a wheelchair along and upon a highway shall walk as near as practicable to an outside edge of the roadway and, in the case of a two-way roadway, shall walk or travel only on the left side of the roadway facing traffic that may approach from the opposite direction; except that any person lawfully soliciting a ride may stand on either side of such two-way roadway where there is a view of traffic approaching from both directions. (2) No person shall stand in a roadway for the purpose of soliciting a ride from the driver of any private vehicle. For the purposes of this subsection (2), "roadway" means that portion of the road normally used by moving motor vehicle traffic. Page 6 (2), "roadway" means that portion of the road normally used by moving motor vehicle traffic. (3) It is unlawful for any person who is under the influence of alcohol or of any controlled substance, as defined in section 12-22-303 (7), C.R.S., or of any stupefying drug to walk or be upon that portion of any highway normally used by moving motor vehicle traffic. (4) This section applying to pedestrians shall also be applicable to riders of animals. (5) Any city or town may, by ordinance, regulate the use by pedestrians of streets and highways under its jurisdiction to the extent authorized under subsection (6) of this section and sections 42-4-110 and 42-4-111, but no ordinance regulating such use of streets and highways in a manner differing from this section shall be effective until official signs or devices giving notice thereof have been placed as required by section 42-4-111 (2). (6) No person shall solicit a ride on any highway included in the interstate system, as defined in section 43-2-101 (2), C.R.S., except at an entrance to or exit from such highway or at places specifically designated by the department of transportation; or, in an emergency affecting a vehicle or its operation, a driver or passenger of a disabled vehicle may solicit a ride on any highway. (7) Pedestrians shall only be picked up where there is adequate road space for vehicles to pull off and not endanger and impede the flow of traffic. Ch. 316 STATE UNIFORM TRAFFIC CONTROL F.S. 2011 Page 7 From: Katrine Elizabeth sackett32463 whitelady (5’3)(5’21/2) Information: found in internet and legal books to include out of state ones May 2019
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